Persian Carpet ,

Persian Carpet

Persian Carpets

The Persian carpet has fascinated everyone for thousands of years with a rich diversity of colors and patterns. But also noble materials, which complete the magnificent designs through unique structures, are a characteristic of this mineral wealth.

The Persian hand-woven carpet is Iran's ambassador and often classified by their knot density.persian carpet,alfombra persa,pazyryk,the oldest rug,type of knots in rug,
A high number of knots indicates an elaborate production and therefore also a very high value.
Knot density is generally measured per square meter and is visible on the back of the carpets.

According to a dominant theory the art of carpet weaving in Iran originated more than 2,500 years ago ,
When Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon in 539 BC, he was struck by its splendour and
many historians credit him for introducing the art of carpet making into Persia .

The poetic book of Shah-Nameh  , the Iranian epic poet  Ferdowsi  dates back the carpet weaving to the time of ancient Pishdadian Dynasty when Tahmureth, the third king of the dynasty , among other crafts, introduced the art of carpet weaving to his people. The Tabari Book of History also talks about carpets woven using animal hair and wool during the same historic era.

Iran is the major exporter of hand-woven carpets

Around 5 million square meters of carpets are produced in Iran annually. Noting that 3/4th of the world’s output on carpets is produced by Iran, making this country the major exporter of hand-woven carpets in the world. These carpets are mostly sold in international bazaars and markets.
European nations, particularly, Italy and Germany, South and Central Africa, China, Brazil and the US are some of the main export destinations for Persian carpets.

Pazyryk Carpet, The earliest Persian Carpets

In 1949 Russian archaeologists discovered the oldest known knotted carpet in the Pazyryk valley,persian carpet,alfombra persa,pazyryk,the oldest rug,type of knots in rug,
on the Altai Mountains of Siberia. Dating back to the 5th century BC the Pazyryk carpet
is a fine example of the skill which existed and has been developed and refined over the centuries.
This Carpet is now in existence and is housed at St. Petersburg’s Hermitage Museum.

Some of the factors to define the quality of a carpet
Before buying a carpet, you have to know :
Where does this rug come from? (The best quality Rugs still are made in IRAN) ,
What materials have been used in the rug ?( Utilizing silk in a rug is a good indicator of High quality),
What type of knots and how many are used in the rug ?
How old is the Rug ?
How thick is the Rug ? (Usually the top quality rugs are very thin and feel soft and smooth)

Types of Persian City Rugs
Afshar Rugs , Ardabil Rugs , Bidjar Rugs, Ferahan Rugs, Ferahan Rugs, Isfahan Rugs, Joshaghan Rugs, Kashan Rugs, Kerman Rugs, Lavar Rugs, Mashad Rugs, Nain Rugs, Qum Rugs, Sarab Rugs, Sarouk Rugs, Veramin Rugs.

Types of Persian Tribal Rugs
Baluch Rugs, Bakhtiari Rugs, Borchelu Rugs, Gabbeh Rugs, Hamadan Rugs, Heriz Rugs, Hussainabad Rugs, Kurds Rugs, Luri Rugs, Malayer Rugs, Qashqai Rugs, Senneh Rugs, Shiraz Rugs, Sirjan Rugs, Tarom Rugs, Wiss Rugs ,Zanjan Rugs.
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